1. Marine Renewable Energy
Marine Renewable Energy refers mainly to the energy carried by ocean waves, tides, currents, salinity, and ocean temperature differences, whose development has created opportunities for supporting science, technology, and engineering. Oceans’ 16 will highlight the present and future states of these energy sectors, from technologies to environmental effects.
2. Integrated Marine Science, Technology and Information
To fully understand and ultimately predict the constantly changing 3D ocean, oceanographers must use large numbers of instruments coupled with data assimilative numerical models. Oceans’ 16 will bring together scientist, technologists, and information technology specialists to focus on scientific drivers, sensors, platforms, communication links, forecast models, and data management and delivery for achieving sustainable, affordable, and reliable data streams in 3D ocean monitoring.
3. Natural Disaster Prevention and Damage Reduction
Typhoon/storm surge and earthquake/tsunami are common natural disasters at sea, which people in the coastal suffer the most. Oceans’ 16 will address the technology needs and advances in disaster real-time monitoring/tracking, predicting/forecasting, and engineering structure design to counter various disasters.
4. Manned and Unmanned Submersibles for Deep Sea Exploration
Deep sea exploration is the investigation of physical, chemical, and biological conditions on the sea bed, for scientific or commercial purposes. The extreme conditions in the deep sea require elaborate methods and technologies, and the submarine is one of the safest ways to explore deep waters. Oceans’ 16 will highlight the new progresses on the development of deep sea manned and unmanned submersibles with focus on the field experiments.
5. Search and Rescue at Sea
Missing MH 370 has been a pain for many families. It also triggered a multi-national collaboration effort of searching and rescuing, which was reportedly largest in human history. Oceans’16 will address the requirements, challenges, and advances for supporting technology and engineering, for various types of search and rescue missions at sea.
6. Law and Policy of the Sea
The United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea has relevance to energy, research, exploration, defense, and fisheries. The Oceans’ 16 meeting in Shanghai provides a forum for discussion of UNCLOS in the context of the science and technology that support the impacted sectors.